1960s Jenoptik Koni 007

The 1960s Jenoptik Koni 007.
Figure 1: The 1960s Jenoptik Koni 007.
This Jenoptik Koni 007 automatic level was part of a large donation to my collection together with a 1962 Wild T2 theodolite, a 1969 Wild T2E theodolite, a 20th c. Askania Tu400 theodolite, a 1951 Wild N2 level, a 1960s Zeiss Opton Ni 2 level, a 1956 geodetic sextant, and various accessories.

Provenance
The above mentioned group of instruments once was part of the set of instruments used by the field organisation TGTW of the Survey Department (Meetkundige Dienst, 'MD' in short) of Rijkswaterstaat (part of the Dutch Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment, responsible for the design, construction, management and maintenance of the main infrastructure facilities in the Netherlands).

The department was closed in the early 2000s and in 2008 the instruments were donated to my collection. The Koni 007 was manufactured by Jenoptik Jena GmbH, a firm that has its roots in Carl Zeiss Jena, and came from the East Germany factory at Jena where it was made somewhere in or before the early 1960s.

Accuracy
The Koni 007 is quite distinctive in shape when compared to other levelling instruments and was known among land surveyors in the Netherlands as the kachelpijp (stovepipe).2 Whereas most other levels have a horizontal tubular telescope, a design already used in antique levels, the Koni 007 was built as a periscope. The reason for the shape lies in the compensator, which occupies most of the vertical shaft of the instrument (see figure 11 and figure 12).

The 1960s Jenoptik Koni 007 from the other side.
Figure 2: The 1960s Jenoptik Koni 007 from the other side.
The large vertical dimension of the compensator (see figure 11) makes it quite accurate; the sensitivity of it is better than 0.15" or 0.7mm/km. Using this instrument, in combination with INVAR levelling rods, a one kilometre double run could be done with an accuracy of approximately 0.5mm.3

The instrument is equipped with a micrometer (see figure 10), but instead of adjusting a parallel plate it adjusts a pentagon prism in the top of the instrument. The range of the micrometer is only 5 millimetres, for which half a centimetre divided levelling rods were needed.

The telescope has a magnification power of 31.5 times and an objective diameter of 40 millimetres. The image is erect and the cross-hairs are of a wedge type, similar to those in the Wild N3 (see figure 9). The reticle has stadia hairs with a constant of 100.

The instrument
The instrument came complete with its box, shades and tools (see figure 3). It also contained several brochures dating from 1962, 1966 and 1972. All of them contain a picture of the instrument, the first two of which show it in the green orange-peel finish seen here, while after the first brochure the name changed from Koni 007 to Ni 007, indicating that the instrument has to be from at least before 1966.

Notes

[1]: WikiPedia Jenoptik page
[2]: With thanks to J. Vossepoel and A.P.M. Pieters for independently pointing me to this name.
[3]: JENOPTIK JENA GmbH, Gebrauchsanleitung Kompensator-Nivellier Ni 007, Druckschrift-Nr. 10-G 108c-1. Ni 007 was the new name for the Koni 007, the change was made somewhere between 1962 and 1966. The figure of 0.5mm is given in the brochures after 1962. The 1962 brochures states that the accuracy lies between 0.5mm and 0.8mm for a double run.

If you have any questions and/or remarks please let me know.

The box came complete with accessories.
Figure 3: The box came complete with accessories.
 
The sun shade is made of two half cylinders.
Figure 4: The sun shade is made of two half cylinders.

The model number and serial.
Figure 5: The model number and serial.
 
The Jena label and Rijkswaterstaat inventory number "ZZZ".
Figure 6: The Jena label and Rijkswaterstaat inventory number "ZZZ".

The circular vial can be checked through an 70 degree prism.
Figure 7: The circular vial can be checked through an 70 degree prism.
 
Coarse aiming is done using this sight.
Figure 8: Coarse aiming is done using this sight.

An erected view through the telescope.
Figure 9: An erected view through the telescope.
 
The magnified reading of the plan parallel plate micrometer.
Figure 10: The magnified reading of the plan parallel plate micrometer.

A spare compensator with its original box.
Figure 11: A spare compensator with its original box.
 
A close-up of the compensator.
Figure 12: A close-up of the compensator.

Surveyor's crosses Geodetic Sextants Theodolites Total Stations Levels Standards Tools Firms
20th c. hydrostatic level 19th c. water bottle level 19th c. Secrétan Egault 19th c. Tibaut Lenoir 1928 Carl Zeiss Nivellier I 1924 Carl Zeiss Nivellier II 1926 Wild NKII 1948 Wild N1 1951 Wild N2 1965 Wild NK01 1965 Wild NK10 1961 Wild N3 1970 Wild NK2 1977 Wild N3 1999 Wild NA2-GPM3 20th c. Cowley 1960s Jenoptik Koni 007 1960s Zeiss Opton Ni 2